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mies van der rohe
labs for the industry
art and industry
people's needs instead of luxury needs
© Andrea Riegel
1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933
CHRONOLOGY OF THE BAUHAUS
walter gropius, together with hermann obrist and august endell is suggested by henry van de velde as successor for the post of director to the arts and crafts school of weimar, founded in 1909.
march walter gropius appointed as director to the grand-ducal academy for visual arts in weimar. the academy is been amalgamated with the former school for arts and crafts and renamed »staatliches bauhaus in weimar« by application of gropius
april appearance of bauhaus manifesto.
june 1 first meeting of council of masters with feininger, itten, marcks, and others
oktober 78 male and 59 female students
january statutes are accepted. meister, gesellen, lehrlinge.
regierung beschließt wiedereinrichtung der hochschule.
theo van doesburg lives mostly in weimar until 1923, lectures on »de stijl«
portfolio neue »europäische graphik«
january official logo »profile«, designed by oskar schlemmer.
september »constructivist international creative working group« (dada meeting) at weimar, conducted by theo van doesburg, participants el lissitzky, moholy-nagy. richter and graeff, among others
february performance of lothar schreyers »mondspiel“
märz departure of itten, appointment of moholy-nagy
march 16 interpellation against the bauhaus in the thuringian state parliament
august 15–19 bauhauswoche –bauhausweek – concerts, lectures, theatrical performances, bauhaus exhibition until september 30 with works of masters, works from teaching and workshops and exhibition »international architecture«
first mayor publication »staatliches bauhaus in weimar 1919–1923« by albert langen publishing house in munich
february elections in thuringia. replacement of the social democratic by a middle-class government
september precautionary notice to all bauhaus masters as of april 1
oktober gropius founds the circle of bauhaus friends
november production enterprise of the bauhaus is converted into a limited corporation. budget is cut from 146,000 to 50,000 rm.
december 26 the bauhaus dissolves itself.
summer term: 16 masters (with part time instructors) 89 students and 28 on leave.
the takeover of the bauhaus is a particular effort on part of frankfurt in addition to dessau
march 24 municipal council of dessau under chairmanship of mayor fritz hesse decides, against votes form the rightist parties, to take over the bauhaus in its entirety.
june 22 unanimous approval of the projected bauhaus building
the first of the bauhaus books appears. albers, bayer, scheper, schmidt, and stölzl appointed masters
october »from now on the bauhaus writes everything in small letters«.
november 15 »richtfest« for the masters houses
winter term: 63 students
bauhaus recognized as academy for creative art (hochschule für gestaltung) masters appointed as professors
march 21 »richtfest« for bauhaus building and »white party«
journal bauhaus appears (until 1931)
december 4–5 dedication of bauhaus building. city subsidy of 100,000 rm for the bauhaus
april 1 appointment of hannes meyer as director of the architecture department
mai polemics in newspapers, they get convicted of slander
december 4 slogan party
january demands by students for stronger pedagogic orientation.
february 3 gropius announces his resignation. bayer, breuer and moholy-nagy leave the bauhaus.
april 1 hannes meyer is appointed director
introduction of new subjects and workshops (photography, sculpture, psychology)
166 students (119 men, 51 women)
february 09 »metallic party«
32,000 rm revenue from industry for royalties
170 students (119 men, 51 women)
increase in earnings form royalties particularly form bauhaus wallpaper
meyer is forced by the lord mayor to resign and goes to moscow with 12 students
mies van der rohe is appointed as new director and starts in winter term
july change of the curriculum
summary of the workshops and the architectural department in construction and finishing, advertising, photography and weaving
november in the election of city councillors the national socialists become the strongest party
mayor hesse, in an effort to ensure the continuation of the bauhaus in dessau reduced the city subsidy to 50,000 rm. nevertheless the city council decides to dissolve the bauhaus
mies van der rohe attempts to continue to run the bauhaus a a private institute in berlin
october the bauhaus berlin moves into an empty telephone factory on birkbuschstrasse in berlin-steglitz. commencement of classes.
summer term: 168 students (33 foreigners)
april 11 at the request of the district attorney of dessau the building is searched and 32 students are arrested for 1–2 days. temporary closure proposed
july 20 at the beginning of the summer term mies van der rohe, with the consent of the faculty, dissolves the bauhaus
august 10 bulletin to the students about the dissolution of the bauhaus
Source: Exhibition catalog »50 Jahre Bauhaus«, Stuttgart 1968.