bauhaus

weimar​

bauhaus

dessau

bauhaus

berlin

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hannes

meyer

mies van der rohe

art

and crafts

labs for the industry

art and industry​

academy and

architecture 

people's needs instead of luxury needs​

expressionism

spiritualism

functionalism

the machine

collective design

rationalism

internationality

directors:

walter

gropius

1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 ​

CHRONOLOGY OF THE BAUHAUS

1915

 

walter gropius, together with hermann obrist and august endell is suggested by henry van de velde as successor for the post of director to the arts and crafts school of weimar, founded in 1909.

 

1919

 

 march walter gropius appointed as director to the grand-ducal academy for visual arts in weimar. the academy is been amalgamated with the former school for arts and crafts and renamed »staatliches bauhaus in weimar« by application of gropius

 

april appearance of bauhaus manifesto. 

june 1 first meeting of council of masters with feininger, itten, marcks, and others

 

1920

 

oktober 78 male and 59 female students

 

1921

 

january statutes are accepted. meister, gesellen, lehrlinge.

regierung beschließt wiedereinrichtung der hochschule.

 

theo van doesburg lives mostly in weimar until 1923, lectures on »de stijl«

 

portfolio neue »europäische graphik«

 

1922

 

january  official logo »profile«, designed by oskar schlemmer.

september »constructivist international creative working group« (dada meeting) at weimar, conducted by theo van doesburg, participants el lissitzky, moholy-nagy. richter and graeff, among others

 

1923

 

february performance of lothar schreyers »mondspiel“

märz departure of itten, appointment of moholy-nagy

march 16 interpellation against the bauhaus in the thuringian state parliament

 

august 15–19 bauhauswoche  –bauhausweek – concerts, lectures, theatrical performances, bauhaus exhibition until september 30 with works of masters, works from teaching and workshops and exhibition »international architecture«

 

first mayor publication »staatliches bauhaus in weimar 1919–1923« by albert langen publishing house in munich

 

1924

 

february elections in thuringia. replacement of the social democratic by a middle-class government

 

september precautionary notice to all bauhaus masters as of april 1

oktober gropius founds the circle of bauhaus friends 

november production enterprise of the bauhaus is converted into a limited corporation. budget is cut from 146,000 to 50,000 rm.

 

december 26 the bauhaus dissolves itself.

 

summer term: 16 masters (with part time instructors) 89 students and 28 on leave.

1925

 

the takeover of the bauhaus is a particular effort on part of frankfurt in addition to dessau

 

march 24 municipal council of dessau under chairmanship of mayor fritz hesse decides, against votes form the rightist parties, to take over the bauhaus in its entirety.

june 22 unanimous approval of the projected bauhaus building

 

the first of the bauhaus books appears. albers, bayer, scheper, schmidt, and stölzl appointed masters

 

october »from now on the bauhaus writes everything in small letters«.

november 15 »richtfest« for the masters houses

 

winter term: 63 students

 

1926

 

bauhaus recognized as academy for creative art (hochschule für gestaltung) masters appointed as professors

 

march 21 »richtfest« for bauhaus building and »white party«

 

journal bauhaus appears (until 1931)

 

december 4–5 dedication of bauhaus building. city subsidy of 100,000 rm for the bauhaus

 

83 students

 

1927

 

april 1 appointment of hannes meyer as director of the architecture department

mai polemics in newspapers, they get convicted of slander

december 4 slogan party

 

1928

 

january demands by students for stronger pedagogic orientation.

 

february 3 gropius announces his resignation. bayer, breuer and moholy-nagy leave the bauhaus.

april 1 hannes meyer is appointed director

 

introduction of new subjects and workshops (photography, sculpture, psychology)

 

166 students (119 men, 51 women)

 

1929

 

february 09 »metallic party«

32,000 rm revenue from industry for royalties

 

170 students (119 men, 51 women)

 

1930

 

increase in earnings form royalties particularly form bauhaus wallpaper

 

meyer is forced by the lord mayor to resign and goes to moscow with 12 students


mies van der rohe is appointed as new director and starts in winter term

 

1931

 

july change of the curriculum

summary of the workshops and the architectural department in construction and finishing, advertising, photography and weaving

 

november in the election of city councillors the national socialists become the strongest party

 

1932 

 

mayor hesse, in an effort to ensure the continuation of the bauhaus in dessau reduced the city subsidy to 50,000 rm. nevertheless the city council decides to dissolve the bauhaus

 

mies van der rohe attempts to continue to run the bauhaus a a private institute in berlin

 

october the bauhaus berlin moves into an empty telephone factory on birkbuschstrasse in berlin-steglitz. commencement of classes.

 

summer term: 168 students (33 foreigners)

 

1933

 

april 11 at the request of the district attorney of dessau the building is searched and 32 students are arrested for 1–2 days. temporary closure proposed

 

july 20 at the beginning of the summer term mies van der rohe, with the consent of the faculty, dissolves the bauhaus

 

august 10 bulletin to the students about the dissolution of the bauhaus

bauhaus chronik

CHRONOLOGY

OF THE BAUHAUS

bauhaus bookshelf